The Second Punic War was the second of three wars fought between Carthage and Rome, the two main powers of the western Mediterranean in the 3rd century BC. Hannibal surprised them by deciding to invade Italy. Carthage would briefly rise again for a Third Punic War 50 years later but its position as a great Mediterranean power was now lost forever. Early in the spring of 218 BC, Hannibal set out from Carthago Nova, … They were then herded back in the direction of the Carthaginians to cause havoc there. Hannibal, along with a massive army and the inclusion of elephants, fought a battle against the Roman army at Ticinus, Trebia and Trasimene. Without a significant fleet and having lost their strategically important fortresses in Sicily, Corsica and Sardinia, the Carthaginians had to look elsewhere for a source of money to fund their armies. The Second Punic War or the Hannibalic War lasted sixteen years from 218 BC to 202 BC and was fought between the two major powers of Rome and Carthage. Last modified May 29, 2016. The strategy of Fabius, although interrupted occasionally by zealous commanders eager for glory in their one year of office as consul, was slowly working and, relentlessly, the Romans backed Hannibal into an ever-smaller pocket so that by 207 BCE he controlled only Bruttium. (Chris Scarre, 24-25) The word Punic comes from the Latin derivation of the word Punicus which translates to "Carthaginian", referring to the Carthaginian’s Phoenician ancestors. Carthage sent an army of 23,000 to the island in 213 BCE but could not prevent the city falling into the hands of Marcus Claudius Marcellus, a veteran of the First Punic War, in 212 BCE. In 264 B.C., Rome became involved in what later became the Punic Wars. - 202 B.C., Hannibal decides to attack Rome, Sneaks through Gaul with 60,000 troops and 60 Elephants, Wreaks havoc in Rome for 15 years, Roman general named Scipio attacked Carthage making Hannibal come back to Carthage What were the outcomes of the second Punic War? Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Macedon too was brought into the war. It lasted between 218 and 201 BC. The Mercenary War (240-237 BC) Carthage had to pay its mercenary soldiers after the First Punic War, even though Carthage lost the war to Rome. The influence of the Punic Wars on Western Civilization. In typical fashion, the Carthaginian general used the terrain to his advantage, this time putting his 50,000 troops close to the River Aufidus; he constrained the eight legions of the enemy to do likewise and thus restricted their possibility of manoeuvre and gain advantage from their greater numbers. The theatres of war in Spain, Sicily, and Italy were now almost played out and attention turned to Africa. An army of 13,500 men and corps of elephants were redirected by Carthage to Spain instead of Hannibal in Italy. I will firstly provide a brief history of governance in the two societies and then depict the structural similarities before highlighting important differences. In 264 BC to 146 BC the Romans were involved in a prolonged war with the Carthaginians, known as the Punic War. The First Punic War had been tremendously costly to both sides but Rome’s seemingly inexhaustible resources, especially its capacity to renew large naval fleets meant that, ultimately, Carthage could not compete with the Mediterranean’s newest superpower. Hannibal desperately tried to conquer a port city, notably Neapolis (Naples) and Tarentum (Taranto), but all attempts failed, as did repeated attacks on Nola. The Punic Wars were important also for their influence on subsequent diplomatic and military strategies. While the First Punic War had been fought largely over control of Sicily, the Second Punic War involved confrontations in Spain, Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, and North Africa. He secured Spain with an army of about 16,000 men under the command of Hasdrubal and took 80,000 infantry, 12,000 Numidian and Iberian cavalry and a number of elephants with him on his march. Related Content Carthaginian War Elephantsby The Creative Assembly (Copyright). Hannibal, a sworn enemy of all things Roman, declared war against them and this was the start of the Second Punic, of their significance. A Roman army was then defeated in Gaul in 216 BCE, but their fortunes slowly began to improve. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Another victory came near Lake Trasimene in June 217 BCE where 15,000 Romans were killed and 10,000 captured. Carthage sent an army to Liguria in northern Italy in 205 BCE. The biggest spectacle of the Second Punic War was the rise of Hannibal … August – Hannibal conquered Catalonia. Marcellus shipped large amounts of Greek art back to Rome in a novel method of impressing the populace with his success. The two sides did not clash, rather, each established a camp to see out the winter. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Then in 221 BCE a new face arrived on the scene: Hannibal, eldest son of Hamilcar Barca. Realising they were up against one of history’s greatest commanders, Rome changed tactics and adopted a policy of avoiding Hannibal in direct battle, instead fighting only his allies. Under Philip V, the Macedonians proved no match for the Roman general Marcus Valerius Laevinus, and Macedon was forced out of the Adriatic and into a war with the Aetolian Confederacy in north-west Greece. Cartwright, Mark. The two commanders actually met in person in a conference where Hannibal perhaps requested a peace settlement but Scipio was probably keen to end the long war with a showpiece battle and earn himself a triumph back in Rome. The Second Punic War was often known as Hannibal’s War in Rome.It was in a real sense the personal war of Hannibal. The answer was Spain. Hannibal had employed his customary tactics of high mobility in the field too and enveloped the enemy while his cavalry attacked the rear. Scipio preferred to focus on Spain and won another victory, again against a more numerous opponent, at Ilipa in 206 BCE. There were many potential causes of the Second Punic War, but the harsh result of the First Punic War was the most influential factor in the start of the Second Punic War. https://www.ancient.eu/Second_Punic_War/. Remember to cite your sources. The Start of the Second Punic War 218 BC. Web. In 205 BCE, after being appointed consul, Scipio crossed the Mediterranean to Sicily and strengthened his army. The battle is referred to as ‘the battle of Zama’ because that town was on Hannibal’s route to the battlefield. Back in Spain, Scipio Africanus was gaining local allies, and he defeated a Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal at Baecula in 208 BCE. What were the outcomes of the second Punic War? This war had the potential to completely alter the course of history. Two strategic mistakes which would be regretted by the Carthaginians. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Rise and Fall of Hannibal. Click card to see definition The Roman fleets and legions achieved victory over the Carthaginians in 241 B.C., adding western Sicily, Sardinia, and Corsica to the growing Roman Empire Click again to see term … First Punic War - Roman victory - Carthage lost control of Sicily to Rome Second Punic War - Roman victory - Carthage lost control of all of it's territory apart from the city itself. The most significant and decisive of the three was the second Punic War, where Hannibal nearly succeeded in conquering the Roman world. Their replacement in Spain was the proconsul Publius Cornelius Scipio whose later exploits would allow him to add an ‘Africanus’ to his name. Scipio then made allies of two Numidian princes, Syphax and Masinissa, in preparation for his plan to take the war to Africa. The Punic Wars were a defining moment in the expansion of the Roman Republic, with the Second Punic War (218 – 201 BC (Grant, 1960)) playing the part of a corner stone in the bridge to create the powerful Roman Empire. Hannibal grew up in military service, and following the 221 BC assassination of his brother-in-law Hasdrubal, who had replaced Hamilcar, Hannibal took charge of the Carthaginian army. Wherever Hannibal was not, the Romans would attack. He soon proved a brilliant field commander who applied his intellect and martial skills to the singular end of winning battles. The Romans took over the Carthaginian mantle as the rulers of the seas and so, if Carthage were to wrest control back from its arch-enemy, it would have to fight on land, and that required money, lots of it. Rome might have feared a land battle but they were still masters of the seas, and this meant that Hannibal could not be resupplied. It began in 218 B.C., and continued through 201 B.C. The consul Publius Scipio had been assigned an army with which to invade Spain and defeat Hannibal. On Sicily, the Carthaginians lost their useful ally, Syracuse. Moreover, this was the first time that Rome had expanded into territories outside of Italy which was pivotal in the development of the Roman Republic, and furthermore the Rome Empire, as it marks the beginning of an imperial Roman power (Rickard, 2001). The Punic Wars were arguably the most significant armed struggle in all of antiquity. ” With 17 years of battle causing heavy casualties to be suffered on both sides, the Second Punic War has proven to be an important time period in the Roman and Carthaginian empires. The raids were hugely successful and devastated the enemy. These were supplemented with sympathetic Gauls from northern Italy and the Carthaginian pressed on regardless. The Roman and Numidian cavalry then hit Hannibal’s forces in the rear, and victory was theirs. The Second Punic War (also called the Second Carthaginian War) was the second of three conflicts, known collectively as “The Punic Wars,” fought between the ancient powers of Rome and Carthage — a powerful city and imperial entity located across the Mediterranean from Southern Italy in modern-day Tunisia. In the so-called Truceless War (also Mercenary War) between 241 and 237 BCE, Carthage had to put down a joint rebellion of mercenary troops, understandably upset at not having been paid for their efforts in the first Punic War, Libyan groups, and several cities such as Tunis and Utica. Rome’s, interpretations and perceptions, Hannibal is infamous for leading the Carthaginian army and a squadron of elephants athwart the Southern European region and the Alps Mountains against the Roman Empire, who were manifested as the most powerful army, in the Second Punic War. The Barcid was the main driver of the conflict between Carthage and Rome. Meanwhile, the war was widening. Both Syracuse and Tarentum defected to Carthage in 214 and 212 BCE respectively, but Hannibal was being left without support in Italy. By now Carthage controlled half of the Iberian Peninsula. In October 202 BCE, the armies of Hannibal and Scipio met on a plain in western Tunisia near Naraggara. Hannibal had defeated several large Roman armies, but Rome itself, as in the First Punic War, seemed immune to the losses. Ancient History Encyclopedia. There followed another quick victory against a 4,000-strong Carthaginian cavalry force. Saguntum was retaken but both Roman commanders, P. Cornelius Scipio and Gn. The First Punic War had shown that Rome could not be defeated from the outside, but perhaps fighting in its own territory and stirring up rebellions, it might be defeated from within. The government of Carthage was divided over their support for Hannibal in Spain and they were not really in favor of another war with Rome. Following the terms of surrender in 241 BCE, Carthage, having lost the longest war in ancient history up to that point, agreed to withdraw from Sicily and pay reparations to Rome of 3,200 talents. Carthage declined and Rome declared war in March 218 BCE. He supplemented his own force with local recruits and amassed a 50,000-strong army with a corps of 100 elephants. Rome thought it would be easy to defeat Hannibal, but Hannibal was full of surprises, including his manner of entering the Italic peninsula from Spain. Rather, his campaigns in Italy sought to compel Rome to recognise Carthage’s claim on its empire. He had set off with 90,000 soldiers and 12,000 cavalry, and on arrival he had at his disposal only 20,000 men and half his original cavalry. After a period of hesitant peace negotiations, which may only have been offered for Scipio to gain intelligence on the enemy positions, the Roman general divided his force in two and attacked the camps of Syphax and Gisgo at night. He invaded ever deeper inland and then besieged and conquered Saguntum (modern Sagunto, just north of Valencia), a long-time ally of Rome, in 219 BCE. Carthage had been colonized by the Phoenicians, and came to be a powerful capital, While the governments of Rome and Carthage around the times of the Punic wars might look similar as drawn in organisational chart fashion, reflecting structural similarities, there were important differences in the allocation of responsibilities, concepts of citizenship and the scope and exercise of power. These commanders were Sempronius, at the Trebbia River, Flaminius, at Lake Trasimene, Paullus, at Cannae, and Scipio, at Zama. Rome forced Carthage to pay for damages after the war, so Carthage had very little left to pay the mercenaries. Hannibal established his reputation for near invincibility when he won a battle at the Ticinus (Ticino) river near Pavia and again at the Trebia River in December 218 BCE. In spite of the fact that most Roman senators wanted a good rationalization for face-to-face meeting, they couldn’t reject the, encountered many wars and battles, they didn’t win all of their battles; however, they’ve learned through their failures to improve upon the progress of their society. "Second Punic War." Cornelius Scipio Calvus were killed and their armies seriously defeated in the Tader valley in 211 BCE. In 212-211 BCE, when Capua was besieged by six Roman legions, Hannibal tried to make them withdraw by feigning a march on Rome, but the ruse failed. However, by the end of the second century, large numbers of slaves were pouring into Rome, either as prisoners of war or purchased abroad by the new wealthy class of Romans who now employed large staffs of domestic servants or invested as slaves as business ventures. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 29 May 2016. The Carthaginian forces were led by Hannibal (247 - c.181 BC). When Scipio attacked Utica, the city proved more resilient than expected, and Carthage, meanwhile, assembled an army under Gisgo, son of Hasdrubal. In the following paragraphs, Carthage and Rome will be described in how each came to power, as well as the outcome of the conflict in terms of strength and increase in naval power. What were the outcomes of the second Punic War? Rome had a far superior navy, but Carthage had the best commander in Hannibal. Hannibal seemed unstoppable. Scipio Africanus the Elderby Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA). Brief history of governance Causes of the Second Punic War The Second Punic war “was the greatest and most dangerous one Rome was compelled to fight on their way to the conquest of the Mediterranean.” With 17 years of battle causing heavy casualties to be suffered on both sides, the Second Punic War has proven to be an important time period in the Roman and Carthaginian empires. The Second Punic War was lost and Hannibal sued for peace terms. Battle of Cannae 216 BC. Books Accordingly, Hamilcar Barca was despatched in 237 BCE to expand Carthaginian territory, which he did, establishing his base at Gades (Cadiz) and founding a new city of Acra Leuce. This force consisted of 30,000 infantry and 3,000 cavalry, and Gisgo was almost immediately joined by the Numidian Syphax with his army of 50,000 infantry and 10,000 cavalry. Battle of Mylae. The Romans also took possession of southern Spain. In the Shadow of the Furies: A Novel of the Second Punic War, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Roman influences have a dominating presence on western culture and civilization. The War with Hannibal: The History of Rome from Its Foundation, Books... Hannibal’s War: A Military History of the Second Punic War. The outbreak of the Second Punic War began when Hannibal moved north across Ebro to begin his historic march over the Alps. It would be a lesson well-learned and repeated again and again by the Roman army, now well-practised at fighting in multiple theatres simultaneously. Rome, despite having a dangerous enemy on its doorstep, was tenacious if nothing else and rejected all offers of a peace deal. Hannibal once again released Italian prisoners but dealt harshly with Roman captives to emphasise he was at war with only the latter and local communities were welcome to join him. this was the beginning of a real 'empire'. Even with the outcomes of the Punic Wars being what they were, their effects on Rome were both positive and negative, ultimately leading to the fall of the Roman Republic. This may have been because he lacked outside support but also because it was probably never his intention to annihilate Rome. In 226 BCE Hasdrubal had signed an agreement with Rome, concerned at Carthage’s expanding empire, not to cross the River Ebro in southern Spain, but Hannibal, now in overall command in Spain, was more ambitious. One of the most noteworthy battles fought by the Romans are the Punic wars, a series of three battles that span roughly between 264 B.C.E and 146 B.C.E. However, all the Latin colonies and central Italy remained loyal to Rome and this meant that Hannibal’s new acquisitions had to be constantly defended. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Before heading to Italy, he left his brother Hasdrubal in southern Spain and Hanno in the north. Spain, the original flashpoint of the war, was now cleared of Carthaginian forces. The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC. Rome, with its greatest enemy crushed, was now, and would remain for centuries, the unchallenged master of the Mediterranean. Hannibal is overly expressed and given light to throughout his career and conquest in Italy by prominently well-renowned historians, including: Titus Livy, who was considered as the least reliable source as he was tremendously reliant on other, The Punic Wars were some of the most important wars throughout all of history. The result of this spectacular campaign was that most of the city-states of southern Italy defected to the Carthaginian cause, including Italy’s second most important city, Capua. Led by Mago, Hannibal’s brother, the 14,000-strong force suffered from an inability to land closer to Hannibal’s army because of Roman naval dominance and their control of the major ports. Barca with his intelligent mind created traps for the Romans and defeated them on many occasions. Hannibal destroys the Roman army at Cannae in the most severe defeat ever suffered by Rome. Accordingly, Hannibal left Hasdrubal Barca (son of Hamilcar Barca) in charge of things in Spain and audaciously crossed the Alps in 15 days. After immense material and human losses on both sides the Carthaginians were defeated. Scipio’s cavalry wings crushed the enemy and the African infantry collapsed. The Romans insisted on Carthage giving up its entire fleet (except a paltry 10 ships), all elephants, and all Roman prisoners. The outcome of these wars determined the nation to dominate the Mediterranean for years to come, and the largest of the wars was the Second Punic War. Hannibal expected Rome to attack his position in Spain and, indeed, a Roman army was sent there with 60 quinqueremes under the command of P. Cornelius Scipio while another one sailed for Sicily. The Socii With his genius, Hannibal Barca, though, gained much ground, but eventually lost to the Romans in this war. The Carthaginian general was faced with the problem that he simply did not have the manpower to keep control of all his newly acquired territory. The Second Punic War broke out in B.C. This action had the consent of the Carthaginian government but it would prove one move too far for the Romans who, having by now dealt with the troublesome northern Gauls and Illyria, demanded Hannibal be handed over for suitable punishment. Hasdrubal the Fair took over from Hamilcar Barca following his death by drowning in 229 BCE and added another 10,000 infantry to his force and 8,000 cavalry, while his war elephants also doubled to 200. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. In the Second Punic War, various Roman commanders faced Hannibal, leader of the forces of Carthaginians, their allies, and mercenaries.Four major Roman commanders made a name for themselves in the following main battles of the second Punic War. Rome Builds Navy Fleet. Study showcased by Morey, William C. (1901), stated that the Carthage was angered that the Numidians had been permitted to encroach upon their country, and in return, Carthage brought together a small a military group to attack Numidia without Roman authorization. Over the course of more than a century the two most powerful nations in the Mediterranean battled for supremacy. Scipio marched to meet them, and after three days of merely observing each other, the battle commenced. Expert Answer . Then, in 204 BCE, with a force of around 30,000 men and 440 ships, he crossed to North Africa in three days. The Romans, though, had missed a trick. "Second Punic War." The Second Punic War The Second Punic War happened between 218 BC and 201 BC. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. 218 BC Battle of Lilybaeum – A Roman fleet of 20 quinqueremes defeated a Carthaginian fleet of 35 galleys. Outcome- In the Second Punic War, the incomparable Carthaginian general Hannibal attacked Italy and scored extraordinary triumphs at Lake Trasimene and Cannae before his inevitable destruction on acco view the full answer. The expedition was not without cost. Hannibal’s troops fought well, especially the veterans placed in the rear line of three, but the 80 Carthaginian war elephants were easily dealt with by Scipio, who had placed his legionaries so as to create channels which allowed the animals to pass through when they charged. Hannibal’s mix of Italian veterans and new recruits numbered some 45,000 men and included 2,000 Numidian cavalry from their ally Tychaeus. Meanwhile, Rome seized control of Sardinia which had been Carthage’s most important source of grain. Syphax would later defect to the Carthaginians, and the Roman Senate was initially against an invasion, but eventually Scipio got his backing and was ready to strike at the soft underbelly of the Carthaginian held territories in Africa, just as Hannibal was doing in southern Italy. Outcomes from the Second Punic War The second Púnic war (herein after referred to as, “the War”) came to a close in 201 BCE, following Scípio’s victory over Hánnibal at the battle of Záma. Introduction Carthage made overtures for peace in 203 BCE, perhaps only to allow Hannibal time to come back home as indicated by their treatment of a Roman transport fleet blown off course in 202 BCE. He had lost his power over Mediterranean Sea; losing Sicily and the compensation imposed on him by Rome greatly affected his economy. Carthage was in a difficult situation after the defeat of the First Punic War. (Punic Wars, 2009) However, the Romans retaliated, winning engagements fought at Spain and North Africa due to the leadership of Publius Cornelius Scipio. This was the so-called ‘Fabian policy’ after Fabius Maximus Verrucosus, the dictator of 217 BCE, who earned the nickname ‘Cunctator’ (Delayer). And, in the final battle at Zama, Scipio had shown what could be achieved by adapting standard tactics to defeat specific enemies. the war left Rome in control - for the first time - of Cisapline Gaul, Sicily, Sardinia and Spain (which they decided to keep) - i.e. The Second Punic War was underway. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Second_Punic_War/. The Carthaginians were led by Hannibal, one of the most gifted commanders in history, but the Romans had their own great general Scipio Africanus, an… However, Rome had to fight for it’s power and position; often against impressive rivals. If Carthage had defeated Rome, the world would have been much different and very likely it would have been a much darker place after significant Carthage influence. In 215 BCE Rome attacked southern Spain, dramatically defeating Hasdrubal at the battle of Ibera in 215 BCE. Tribute in money if not men was extracted from local cities and new silver mines were worked. Rome was reeling but Hannibal was on his own, and he fatefully decided not to attack Rome itself. The final outcome of the Second Punic War was the defeat of Hannibal and the conquest of Carthage. To subtract these influences from our ethos would leave a cavernous hole in our western identities. 20,000 Carthaginians had fallen while Rome suffered fewer than 5,000 fatalities. License. For Carthage it would be the very last throw of the dice. At the beginning of the war both sides had been roughly equal in fighting forces on land. The Second Punic War (aka The Hannibalic War) was fought between Carthage and Rome between 218 and 201 BCE. Hannibal and Second Punic War General . This is an incomplete list of battles of the Second Punic War, showing the battles on the Italian peninsula and some in Africa, in Sicily and Hispania. Cartwright, Mark. Outcomes from the Second Punic War The second Púnic war (herein after referred to as, “the War”) came to a close in 201 BCE, following Scípio’s victory over Hánnibal at the battle of Záma. ‘God has given to man no sharper spur to victory than contempt of. Territories During the Second Punic Warby Javierfv1212 (CC BY-SA). The expected break-up of Rome’s hegemony and a mass Gaul uprising did not happen. Scipio immediately defeated a contingent of 500 Carthaginian cavalry and then had his army boosted by the arrival of Masinissa’s Numidian cavalry. His cleverness and tact were appreciated even by the opposing Romans. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. Cartwright, M. (2016, May 29). Before Carthage could think about Rome, it first had to deal with the continued unrest closer to home. The North African Berber kingdom of Numidia (202-40 BCE) was originally... Hannibal Barca (l. 247-183 BCE), the brilliant Carthaginian general... Carthaginian commander Mago is unable to join forces with. Accordingly, this war has captured, The Punic Wars were clashes between titans and were arguably the largest wars of the time period as the two participants were some of the most powerful nations of the time. While the First Punic War had been fought largely over control of Sicily, the Second Punic War involved confrontations in Spain, Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, and North Africa. The Second Punic War, fought between the Romans and the Carthaginians is no exception. The Second Punic War was fought between Rome, Carthage, and their mutual allies. Most of the leadership in Cartha… At the time, they were one of the largest wars that had ever taken place. Campaigns of the Second Punic Warby YassineMrabet (GNU FDL). The 25-year old general sailed from Ostia and quickly made his mark on the war by a shock capture of the main Carthaginian supply base and treasury in Spain, Carthago Nova (modern Cartagena) in 209 BCE. The Start of the First Punic War. First, Carthage was one of Rome’s rivals that tended to be a thorn in their side, at least for a time. The clock was ticking and Rome had time on their side. Almost inevitably, Mago was unable to join forces with Hannibal and his army was defeated in Cisalpine Gaul in 203 BCE. After Scipio sent a force to establish Masinissa on the throne and capture Syphax, the Numidian threat was removed. After three bad losses worse was to follow for Rome in August 216 BCE when Hannibal, moving into southern Italy, won a great victory against a much larger opposing army (80,000 men) at Cannae in Apulia (modern Puglia) in the heel of the Italian peninsula. History (code 01) What were the outcomes of the second Punic War In addition, Scipio had conquered Tunis. The Punic Wars are some of the most brutal, bloodthirsty wars ever recorded with intense rivalries and everything a historian loves in great stories. Hannibal rose to become a great leader of the Carthaginians that can be regarded as a huge spectacle of the war. Cite This Work Before leaving Spain, however, Hannibal was well aware that Roman forces intended for him would try to meet him there. 50,000 of the enemy were killed compared to 5,700 on Carthaginian side, most of those being Gauls. Further, Carthage could not make war without Rome’s permission, had to recognise the territories of the new Numidian king Masinissa, and pay in reparations to Rome the huge sum of 10,000 talents over the next half century. Neither could Hasdrubal support him from Spain nor Carthage by sea. Second Punic War events (300 words or more Original NO copy paste) Expert Answer . They had long since had control of the old Phoenician colonies there, and it had already proven a rich source of silver. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. The Second Punic War is known as Hannibal’s War or against Hannibal. The interval between the First and Second Punic Wars (241–218 bce) The loss of naval supremacy not only deprived the Carthaginians of their predominance in the western Mediterranean but exposed their overseas empire to disintegration under renewed attacks by Rome. 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