in lawn; early in year Taraxacum officinale is a perennial that grows best in moist areas in full sun. Datos técnicos Nombre científico: Taraxacum officinale Familia: Asteraceae Origen: De procedencia europea. The pollen of T. officinale complex has been identified as an allergen in honey ( Helbling and Wuethrich, 1987 ) and can cause allergic contact and photoallergic contact dermatitis ( Mark et al., 1999 ). Website developed by The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health and the National Park Servicein cooperation with the Invasive Plant Atlas of New England, Invasive Plant Control, Inc., USDA Forest Service,USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, National Association of Exotic Pest Plant Councils,Plant Conservation Alliance, and Biota of North America Program. Debido a su abundante néctar, las abejas visitan a los dientes de león (Taraxacum officinale) permanentemente. John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995. invasive Charles Darwin Foundation (2008) Ecuador (Galápagos Islands) Santa Cruz Group Santa Cruz Island introduced invasive Charles Darwin Foundation (2008) Fiji Fiji Islands Viti Levu Island introduced invasive Smith, Albert C. (1991) (p. 268) Voucher cited: Greenwood 1172 … 271. In turf, it forms clumps that cause poor footing for athletic fields and golf courses. Taraxacum officinale is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft) at a fast rate. Taraxacum (/ təˈræksəkʊm /) is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota, College of Forestry. MCF-7/ AZ breast cancer cells, pretreated with ET-18-OMe (15), and LNCaP C4-2B prostate cancer cells are invasive into. Image 5461262 is of dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ) fruit(s). It is by Charles T. Bryson at USDA Agricultural Research Service. SPECIES: Taraxacum officinale REFERENCES : 1. For more information, visit the MTMC project page. Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) is a perennial herb native to Europe that is considered an aggressive invasive species worldwide (Holm et al. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects, Apomictic (reproduce by seeds formed without sexual fusion). Last updated October 2018    /    Privacy, Bonnie Harper-Lore, Federal Highway Administration, Bugwood.org, Lynn Sosnoskie, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org, Robert Vidéki, Doronicum Kft., Bugwood.org, Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service (retired), Bugwood.org, Chris Evans, University of Illinois, Bugwood.org, Ken Chamberlain, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org, Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org, Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org, This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level Nombres comunes: Diente de león. La xicoia (Taraxacum officinale), també anomenada dent de lleó, apagallums, cama-roja, lletsó d'ase, llumenetes, pixallits, queixals de vella, lletissó de ruc, lletsó, lletissó, llicsó i xicoira de burro, és una planta de la família de les asteràcies.La seva morfologia és molt característica i fàcil de reconèixer, no sol superar el 40cm - 50cm d'alçada. Minnesota Forestry Research Note No. For more information, visit Invasive.org. Given that all the sampled patches were located at similar distances from roads, it appears that the observed results are not strongly influenced by differences in propagule pressure. Taraxacum officinale complex is used as a medicinal plant (see section on Uses), however, overindulgence may render the liver inactive and cause various unpleasant symptoms (Jackson, 1982). Anti-invasive effect of Taraxacum officinale extracts. It is by D. Walters and C. Southwick at USDA. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. Buried seed in the forest floor of the Boundary Waters Canoe Area. The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. Native range: Eurasia. Craters of the Moon National Monument (Idaho), Alaska Exotic Plant Information Clearinghouse, City of Ann Arbor Michigan Parks and Recreation, Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007. Image 5461264 is of dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ) fruit(s). Three fruit bodies, the center one with the beak still attached. Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) is a worldwide distributed species native to Europe . The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, National Association of Exotic Pest Plant Councils. Por Evangelina Aguilera (*) Hacer volar a contraluz, de un golpe de aire la materia de nube de esas flores la fabulosa maleza destinada a deshacerse contra el viento. Its strong taproot is capable of penetrating the soil to a depth of 10-15 ft. (3-4.6 m), but it is most commonly 6-18 in. Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion (often simply called " dandelion "), is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae). When this plant infests turfgrass and ornamental plantings, it forms dense circular mats of leaves that crowd out desirable species and reduce the vigor of those plants that survive. Es posible que algunas poblaciones sean nativas y otras introducidas. In its native range, T. officinale is present in alpine environments, mostly restricted to disturbed sites ( Quiroz et al. Habitat: Gardens and lawns everywhere, roadsides, degraded meadows, rocky hillsides, forest openings. 1). Looking down on the stylar remnant. For more information, visit. This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list or law. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale . Considerada xeneralmente como una "meruxa", les sos fueyes peracabar n'ensalada y atribuyéronse-y … It is considered one of the most aggressive invasive plants around the world (Holm et al. Foliage Leaves are clustered in a rosette at the base of the plant. Taraxacum officinale is native to Eurasia. It is used around the world for its diuretic effect. Taraxacum es un género de plantas con flores de la familia Asteraceae conocidas comúnmente como dientes de león, panaderos o ásteres.Se ha descrito unos 3.600 taxones, de los cuales unos 2300 son especies aceptadas, con 4 taxones infra-específicos también aceptados, todo el resto se va repartiendo entre unos 500 sinónimos y cerca de 550 sin resolver. 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