In a rush to reach Jerusalem, Paul bounced from Troas to Assos, Mitylene, Chios, and finally Miletus, where he asked the elders from Ephesus to meet him. The Book of Acts and Paul’s own letters provide an account of how this dramatic change happened. (He was still alive.) His exegesis of the Old Testament bears testimony to his rabbinic training. It was written from Macedonia in the autumn of 57 A.D. during his third missionary journey. Paul's exact date of birth is unknown. The Beginner’s Guide to the Bible gives you an overview of what the Bible is, what it’s for, and what it’s all about. Scholars believe Paul was born sometime between 5 BC and 5 AD, and that he died around 64 or 67 AD. For before certain men came from James, he used to eat with the Gentiles. St. Paul the Apostle, original name Saul of Tarsus, (born 4 bce ?, Tarsus in Cilicia [now in Turkey]—died c. 62–64 ce, Rome [Italy]), one of the leaders of the first generation of Christians, often considered to be the most important person after Jesus in the history of Christianity. I am enthralled. (Similar to how “James” is the Greek form of “Jacob,” and “Judas” is the Greek form of “Judah.”) As Paul began to evangelize Greek communities (and since most of the New Testament was written in Greek), it makes sense that we see the Greek version of his name most after his conversion. In Psidion Antioch, Paul and Barnabas entered a synagogue during the Sabbath, and Paul preached the gospel to Jews and Gentiles alike. Not so! An apocryphal work from the second century known as The Acts of Paul says that Nero had Paul decapitated. Occasionally, they financially supported him so that he could continue his ministry elsewhere (Philippians 4:14–18, 2 Corinthians 11:8–9). He came from a God-fearing family (2 Timothy 1:3), he was a Pharisee like his father (Acts 23:6), and he was educated by a respected rabbi named Gamaliel (Acts 22:3). He went to the high priest and asked him for letters to the synagogues in Damascus, so that if he found any there who belonged to the Way, whether men or women, he might take them as prisoners to Jerusalem. Always remain true to the facts found in the Bible but help children connect to its meaning by using drama, visual … But Christianity was radically different from Judaism, and while many early Christians followed the Law, it wasn’t a prerequisite for believing in Jesus. Clement of Rome provided the earliest surviving record of Paul’s death in his letter to the Corinthians (known as 1 Clement), where he mentions that Paul and Peter were martyred. The next day they left for Derbe, another Lycaonian city where they “won a large number of disciples” (Acts 14:21). Many Christians would be surprised to learn that these academic debates are even happening, because these letters are all signed by Paul. Paul the Apostle. As he traveled the 150 miles from Jerusalem to Damascus armed with legal authority to hunt down Jewish Christians (Acts 9:1-2), bright light and a heavenly voice stopped him dead in his tracks. . Acts 13:11. Most of what we know about the Apostle Paul (also known as Saint Paul or Saul of Tarsus) comes from the writings attributed to him and the Book of Acts. Several sources record that was Paul beheaded during the time of Nero. Many scholars feel this may have been a spiritual retreat for Paul, a time to reconcile everything he knew from the Old Testament Scriptures with his new reality in Christ. I would, of course, give you credit for having created the map – cover sheet. I will have to reread this several times to add to my thinking and understanding. Paul, in the New Testament known by his Hebrew name Saul until Acts 13:9, was apparently educated from boyhood in Jerusalem, not Tarsus (Acts 22:3). He goes on to say that he considers this righteousness “garbage” next to the righteousness that comes from faith in Christ (Philippians 3:8–9). Unfortunately, the book ends before he gets to Caesar—because Paul’s story isn’t the point of Acts. But the remaining six letters have raised some questions, and scholars debate whether or not they can really be attributed to Paul. Just after his conversion on the road to Damascus, Paul began preaching in the synagogues. Instead of taking away from their number, he added to it. Paul’s conversion on the road to Damascus. The books attributed to him include: These books are actually letters—or epistles—which were written to churches Paul planted and people he presumably encountered on the missionary journeys we see in the Book of Acts. So it shouldn’t come as a surprise that Paul made his debut in the Bible as an intense persecutor of Christians. . There, Paul performed another miracle: he healed a man who had been lame since birth (Acts 14:8-10). Although St. Paul was not one of the original 12 Apostles of Jesus, he was one of the most prolific contributors to the New Testament. Ways to Tell the Story: This story can be told using a variety of methods. However, there are also a couple of writings from the late first and early second centuries that refer to him, including Clement of Rome ’s letter to the Corinthians. The Athenians were accustomed to discussing new ideas, and they’d never heard the message Paul preached before, so they were intrigued and debated with him. We can only sketch the rough outlines of Paul's life from the Bible - from his conversion through his missionary journeys, writings of epistles, and Paul's imprisonment and death. “In Damascus there was a disciple named Ananias. Moses: The Old Testament’s Greatest Prophet, Who Was King Solomon? This status gave him special privileges, and in some cases saved him from abuse (Acts 22:25–29). But when they arrived, he began to draw back and separate himself from the Gentiles because he was afraid of those who belonged to the circumcision group. But he himself held the view that Paul wrote the letter in Hebrew and simply chose not to sign it, and then Luke translated it to Greek. His Jewish credentials included his heritage, discipline, and zeal. When Paul left Damascus, he went to Jerusalem and tried to join the disciples there. But scholars argue that these epistles are actually pseudepigrapha: writings that claim to be written by someone who was not the actual author. They were invited to come speak on the following Sabbath, and when they did, most of the city attended. Paul remained in Ephesus for more than two years, and during that time he transitioned from teaching in the synagogue to discussing the gospel in the lecture hall of Tyrannus. After a dangerous evil spirit claimed to know Jesus and Paul, people flocked to Paul and his followers and the church grew quickly. In his letter to the church in Galatians, Paul wanted the Galatians to know that they didn’t need to follow the Law of Moses to be saved. The two main sources of information by which we have access to the earliest segments of Paul's career are the Bible's Book of Acts and the autobiographical elements of Paul's letters to the early Christian communities. Paul traveled tirelessly through the ancient world, taking the message of salvation to the Gentiles. For this reason, Saint Paul is often considered one of the most influential people in history. Meanwhile, Ephesus was in uproar, because Christianity’s explosive growth had stifled businesses that relied on idol worship. Acts 19:11-12. Paul spent three months in Greece, then returned to Macedonia to avoid some people who were plotting against him. Paul and Silas shared the gospel with the jailer, and once they were freed, they returned to Lydia’s house, and then left for Thessalonica. Some argue that his letters speak of his imprisonment in the past tense and make references to things that could have only occurred after his house arrest. Just overcoming the feelings of guilt alone would be a time-consuming undertaking. Having Caesar’s court and the Roman justice system as his captive audience might have been Paul’s play all along. The Apostle Paul, who started as one of Christianity's most zealous enemies, was hand-picked by Jesus Christ to become the gospel's most ardent messenger. He healed a man who had been lame since birth (Acts 14:8–10). The gospel he preached to them was enough, and they just needed to have faith in Jesus. All rights reserved. (We’ll discuss these more later, or you can read more about them now.). Excellent information in a very understandable way. Paul before Agrippa (Acts 25:13 - 26:32) Paul departs for Rome and sails to Myra (Acts 27:1-5) They sail to Fair Havens on Crete (Acts 27:6-8) In spite of Paul's warning, they set sail again (Acts 27:9-12) Of the 27 books in the New Testament, 13 or 14 are traditionally attributed to Paul, though only 7 of these Pauline epistles are accepted as being entirely authentic and dictated by St. Paul himself. From this point forward, Luke only refers to the apostle as “Paul.” This shift does not reflect a name change, as has often been said, but rather a conscious decision on Paul’s part to use a name he already had. Paul in the Smith's Bible Dictionary. Paul’s identity used to be rooted in his Jewishness, but after his dramatic conversion on the road to Damascus (more on that later) his identity as a Jew became secondary to his identity as a follower of Christ. Paul was held prisoner in Rome in his last days on earth. And since Jesus’ followers kept spreading the idea that Jesus was God, Paul thought Christians were sinners of the worst sort. Paul and Barnabas spent a long time in Iconium, and the city was divided: some people supported them, and others hated them. You've planned for your future. He was born in Tarsus in Cilicia around AD 1–5 in a province in the southeastern corner of modern-day Tersous, Turkey. He was a convert to Christianity. The Bible doesn’t tell us how Paul died, but numerous early church fathers wrote that he was martyred—specifically, he was beheaded, probably by emperor Nero, which would mean it had to be sometime before 68 AD. This famous encounter is referred to as the road to Damascus, the Damascene conversion, and the Damascus Christophany (a vision of Christ distinct from his incarnation). The Jews who opposed Paul tried to bring charges against him based on Jewish law, but the Roman proconsul wasn’t interested in hearing their case. They spent “considerable time there” (Acts 14:3), and the city became increasingly divided: some Jews and Gentiles supported them, and others reviled them. Bible Study Resources - Tips, Online Bible Search, Devotions. Shortly after Saul converts to Christianity, Luke tells us he’s also called Paul (Acts 13:9), and for the most part the rest of the Bible refers to him as Paul. During this time, Paul did many miracles, and even things he touched were reported to have healed people (Acts 19:12). Paul towers as one of the all-time giants of Christianity. On many of Paul’s journeys, he travelled by boat. For three Sabbaths, Paul taught in the synagogues and established the group of believers that he would later write to in 1 Thessalonians and 2 Thessalonians. The Book of Acts records three separate missionary journeys that took Paul through Greece, Turkey, Syria, and numerous regions you won’t find on modern-day maps. Paul left to Athens. First, let's do a quick summary of what we know about Paul. But someone warned the centurion of the plan, and instead, he rounded up nearly 500 soldiers to take Paul to the governor in Caesarea. As a Pharisee, before his conversion to Christianity, Paul saw Christians (who were predominantly Jewish at the time) as a scourge against Judaism. Paul and his companions suffered such extreme pressure during a particular situation in Asia they “despaired even of life.” Scholars aren’t sure what event Paul referred to in these verses, but it was a situation so dire Paul believed he and his companions might die. And Saul approved of their killing him” (Acts 7:58–8:1). (It is not improbable that he was born between A.D. 0 and A.D. He played a crucial role in spreading the gospel to the Gentiles (non-Jews) during the first century, and his missionary journeys took him all throughout the Roman empire. Paul also talks of a third visit to Corinth in 2 (Which was a good thing, because those business owners were pretty mad at Paul, and they probably would’ve killed him.). However, the early church assumed the letter was written by Paul, and even included it in early collections of his writings. They got everyone riled up against Paul and Silas and managed to convince the local authorities to have them beaten and imprisoned. Of all the ways Paul affected Christianity, the biggest was arguably his role in spreading the gospel to non-Jewish communities. In his second letter to the Corinthians, which was likely written before his final trip to Jerusalem, Paul claims he was shipwrecked three times: “Three times I was beaten with rods. 10 Things Your Husband Really Doesn't Like, Christmas Light Show Set To 'Mary Did You Know', 'Christmas in Heaven' - Scotty McCreery Song for Lost Loved Ones, 3 Reasons the 'Christmas Star' of 2020 Is Bringing So Much Hope, Amazing Children's Choir Sings 'I Can Only Imagine', Pentatonix Sings 'Amazing Grace (My Chains Are Gone)' A Cappella, How Couples Can Keep from Growing Apart in Marriage - Crosswalk Couples Devotional - December 9, 10 Ways to Refocus on Jesus This Christmas, Get Back, Satan! As a Roman citizen, Paul possessed a coveted status. There (see Acts 28) he apparently wrote his so-called prison letters: Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon. Whether or not Paul made a fourth missionary journey (possibly to Spain) largely depends on if he was imprisoned in Rome once or twice. Logos Bible Software 9 review: Do you REALLY need it? As I sat here this morning thinking of my grandson Paul I decided I wanted to learn more about Paul in the Bible that he was named after through generations and I must say I have not only learned a great deal but your writing style was wonderful even though some of the parts of his life pulled at my heart I then focused on all the amazing things he did to serve our awesome God! In his letter to the Galatians, he builds the case that the Galatians can trust the gospel he presented them because it came directly from God, and the first apostles supported his message (Galatians 2:6–9). Join our email list, and we’ll send you some of our best free resources—plus we’ll tell you whenever we make something new. Part of God’s story is about Paul. After encouraging them, he boarded a ship and returned to Jerusalem, even after numerous Christians warned him not to go there. While he was a contemporary of Jesus, they never crossed paths—at least, not before Jesus died. He studied under the ranking rabbi of the era, Gamaliel. But not everyone agrees that Paul wrote all of these letters. Thereafter he was shipped to Rome on appeal to the imperial court of Nero. As an apostle to the Gentiles, not only did Paul need to engage the cultures he was trying to reach, but he had to protect these new believers from the weight of obligation that Jewish Christians often tried to impose on them. He was of Benjamite lineage and Hebrew ancestry (Philippians 3:5–6). The Book of Acts ends with Paul under house arrest, and we don’t learn much more about the situation from the epistles, and scholars debate about whether or not Paul was ever released from house arrest. And the best part of all is that this gospel of transformation that Paul preached, through his letters, but most importantly, with his life, is open to you and to me! Famously converted on the road to Damascus, he travelled tens of thousands of miles around the Mediterranean spreading the word of Jesus and it … For Paul, the apostles, and the early Christians, the Law (and specifically, circumcision) was one of the greatest theological issues of their day. When Christianity emerged, it was often thought of as a Jewish sect—it built on Jewish teachings and beliefs, and because most Christians were also Jewish, many still followed Jewish customs and rituals established in the Law of Moses. Verse Concepts. On Paul’s way to trial in Rome, his boat encounters a brutal storm and dangerous waters. Paul’s life stands as a testimony to God’s power and grace working in the lives of His people to carry out His purposes. Some sources might help your case there, friend. If, however, I am guilty of doing anything deserving death, I do not refuse to die. Paul or Saul is the only one in the Bible who says that he is an apostle. 6 Things You Didn't Know about Paul in the Bible, 20 Important Bible Verses about Trusting God, Why ‘Bless the Lord’ Needs to Be the Anthem of Our Soul, Lavish Grace: Poured Out, Poured Through, and Overflowing, 4 Things You May Not Know About Abraham in the Bible, 5 Things to Know About Luke from the Bible, The Life of Ruth - 5 Essential Faith Lessons, John the Baptist: 6 Powerful Truths from His Life. Silas and Timothy stayed behind, but would catch up later. Some scholars argue there was a fourth missionary journey as well. In my mind, Paul met Jesus on a dusty road, spent three days fasting in Damascus, regained his eyesight, then jumped right into ministry to the Gentiles and never looked back. He died, probably as a martyr in Rome, in the mid- to late a.d. 60s. And indeed, without God’s miraculous intervention, they would have. Most Relevant Verses. Paul's writings all arise from the crucible of missionary activity and the theological effort required to educate and sustain those who found Christ through his preaching. When I … Bible verses related to Apostle Paul from the King James Version (KJV) by Relevance - Sort By Book Order Romans 1:1-32 - Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called [to be] an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, (Read More...) ‘Now get up and go into the city, and you will be told what you must do.’, The men traveling with Saul stood there speechless; they heard the sound but did not see anyone. He healed people, cast out spirits, and even brought someone back from the dead. He made a sorcerer go temporarily blind (Acts 13:11). And once Jesus redirected him, Paul continued on this trajectory for the rest of his life. traveled more than 10,000 miles and established at least 14 churches.. 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