The flares have apparently contributed more greenhouse gases hence climate change in the country. The competition for usable land will only get more intense. These greenhouse gases are able to alter the energy balance of the earth by being able to absorb long wave radiation emitted from the earth’s surface. This accounts for 20 percent of the world’s carbon emissions (more than the entire transport sector produces). Climate Change Effect on Crop and Animal Production: As temperature increases and rainfall pattern becomes more unpredictable, crop yields are expected to drop significantly. It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dry in the southwest and farther inland. As a result, cattle herders from northern Nigeria have been pushed farther and farther south to find land to graze livestock, causing friction with farmers settled in central states. And if nothing is done, there is going to be more rise in the earth’s temperature to the extent that it will be difficult to cope with it. the farmers), it will surely affect the lives and overall development of the country. 2. Overview. All of these will continue to negatively affect human life and the ecosystems in Nigeria. Though they had always coped with these changes, future climate changes will likely be so extreme that it may be difficult for them to cope with. If there are fewer trees left to absorb Co2, then Co2 will build up in the atmosphere. Another factor … A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. CLIMATE change is a worldwide phenomenon but a second look at the topic suggests that Nigeria may be immune from it. Nigeria’s primary tropical forest in Cross River State has been decimated by 97%, mostly since 1990. This global warming is what actually induces the change in climate. The common roots of COVID-19 and climate change. By signing up you are agreeing to our, U.K. Says It Will End Support For Overseas Oil, Gas and Coal Projects With 'Very Limited Exceptions', Eric Yuan Is TIME's 2020 Businessperson of the Year, Sign up to receive the top stories you need to know now on politics, health and more, © 2020 TIME USA, LLC. Source: Human dynamics of climate change, technical report, Met Office, HM Government, UK, 2014. Your email address will not be published. Climate Change and Forestry in Nigeria: The forest reserves of the nation are not left out in the threat posed by climate change. This increased demand leads to increased emissions. Climate change in Africa is an increasingly serious threat for Africans as Africa is among the most vulnerable continents to climate change. unfccc climate change: impacts, vulnerabilities and adaptation in developing countries i. introduction 5 ii. assessing the impacts of, and vulnerability and adaptation to, climate change 13 Indeed, Nigeria has long been known to be vulnerable to climate change and its adverse effects, especially on the health and livelihoods of Nigerians. Mean annual and monthly temperature and rainfall data were collected from the … Habiba Daggash June 18, 2018 June/July 2018. In Nigeria, though the impact of climate change is already significant the long run impact will be disastrous if nothing is done now to build up the country’s resilience against the threat posed by climate change. Deforestation: Deforestation where forests are cut down faster than they are replaced is a major contributor to climate change. It will also affect the revenue sustenance of those who work or trade on fishery resources. Here’s How Climate Change Is Making It Worse. Climate change, in particular, is currently one of the most critical issues facing mankind today. Copyright © 2017 ResearchCyber.com. In this article, we take a closer look at the causes and effects of climate change in Nigeria. Deforestation makes such a huge contribution to carbon emissions because trees absorb Co2 as they grow. The net result of this process and the re-emission of long wave back to the earth’s surface increases the quantity of heat energy in the earth’s climatic system. Therefore, there is need to mitigate the impacts of climate change must be given priority if the nations Millennium development goals will ever be achieved. This implies that predicted impacts of climate change mentioned earlier will intensify. It strikes at the very heart of the sustainability of our life, and is compounding human efforts to attain sustainable development. In the rural areas, major activities that contribute to climate change include bush burning, illegal felling of trees, a means of livelihood for the production of fuel wood and charcoal. from climate extreme events. The U.N. says the scale of climate change,… Archive The communiqué stated that climate change is a development issue that should be mainstreamed into various sectors of national, regional and state development plans. All Rights Reserve, Climate Change: Causes and Effects in Nigeria. Regards! Despite the persistent climate denialism in some policy circles, by now it is clear to the majority across the world that climate change … Trees help to regulate the climate by absorbing CO2 from the atmosphere. 1) The concepts of climate, environment, climate and environmental changes; 2) Causes of climate and environmental changes; The causes of the current wave of climate change hinge mainly on anthropogenic factors, which result to increase in the accumulation of heat-trapping “greenhouse” gases in the atmosphere. Climate change in Nigeria is evident from temperature increase, rainfall variability, drought, desertification, rising sea levels, erosions, floods, thunderstorms, lightings, bush fires, landslides, land degradation, and loss of biodiversity. The Sahel is warming 1.5 times faster than the global average, owing to greenhouse-gas emissions. Climate Change and Health of the People: A healthy nation they say is wealthy nation. The Niger Delta region of Nigeria is reported to have over one hundred and twenty-three gas flaring sites making Nigeria one of the highest emitters of greenhouse gases in Africa. Climate change is global in its causes but its consequences are far more reaching in developing countries particularly Nigeria whose biodiversity and ecosystems are already faced with other threats like habitat degradation, ecology-economics mismatch and escalating population growth. Although depending on location, regions experience climate change with significant higher temperatures during the dry seasons while rainfalls during rainy seasons help Furthermore, extreme weather events such as thunderstorms, heavy winds and floods devastate farmlands and can lead to crop failure. Therefore, identification of proper adaptation strategies is a high priority for the fishery sector. As Nigeria’s population has spiraled to 191 million, and amid an ongoing conflict with Islamist insurgents, the competition for land has become fierce. 3. Despite all these caveats, climate change clearly can play a part in fostering conflict. Therefore, there is need for the country to educate its citenzry on the importance of the forest reserves as well as the need to avoid unnecessary cutting down of trees. 4. Human activity is changing the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere in three important ways, namely; Burning fossil fuels: When fossil fuels like coal, oil and gas burn they release greenhouse gases. 1. Where institutions and governments are unable to manage the stress or absorb the shocks of a changing climate, threats to the stability of states and societies will only increase. Nigeria and Climate Change Global Trends and Local Challenges. All these will directly and indirectly affect the livelihoods of fish farmers, their immediate families and their dependants. Write to Ciara Nugent at ciara.nugent@time.com. Increasing livestock farming. In Nigeria the effects of climate change is expected not to stop at just effecting the crops and plants (i.e. Burning coal, oil and gas produces carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide. NIAMEY, April 3, 2013 – As a landlocked and essentially desert country, Niger is one of the countries of the world most severely threatened by food insecurity.El Hadj Adama Touré, a World Bank economist specializing in agronomy, explains how the country can better manage the climate … Across the Sahel, more than 80% of people depend on natural resources for their livelihoods, according to the U.N. As water and farmland become scarcer, land conflicts in countries with strong ethnic divides are poised to get far worse. Impact as used may be negative or positive or a combination. Pests and diseases migrate in response to climate changes and variations. Some major cities are sinking and could become unlivable due to climate change and rising sea levels. The mean annual variability and trend of rainfall over Nigeria in the last six decades depicts several inter-annual fluctuations that have been responsible for dry and wet years or extreme climate events such as droughts and floods in many parts of the country. The change over time may be due to natural variability or human activity. In Nigeria half of the 15 million population of Lagos lives less than six feet above sea level, including the wealthiest areas of Victoria Island and Lekki Penisula. Environment chief Erik Solheim urged countries to help Africa build a more sustainable future, suggesting that solar plants in the Sahel might “help green and uplift the area.” The agency has funded water-management projects in Sudan, where more than 2 million people have been displaced, partly as a result of depleted resources. 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